Besakih Temple is the biggest Hindu temple in Bali which has a beautiful view from the temple area. Where we can see the vast natural panorama to the sea. Therefore this temple is often visited by tourists from all over the world. Besakih Temple is located in the village of Besakih, Rendang District, Karangasem Regency, the eastern part of the island. Located on the southwest side of the slopes of Mount Agung, the largest mountain in Bali. That's because based on belief Gunung Agung is the holiest and highest mountain on the island of Bali.
This Temple is Mother temple of bali, Stand in 900 meters on the slopes of Mount Agung. It has been considered a holy place since prehistoric times in Bali. The first recorded mention of its existence is from an inscription dating from 1007 AD. Since the Gelgel dynasty of the fifteenth century, this temple has been considered the central holy temple for the whole island.
All loyalties of Balinese people gather at Besakih. Each district has its own temple within the complex, as does each caste group. There are a total of 18 separate shrines. The three main temples are: The Great Penataran Temple, Dedicated to Sang Hyang Widi Wasa: Kiduling Kreteg Temple, dedicated to Brahma; and Pura Batu Madeg, dedicated to Vishnu.
For Balinese, visiting a shrine at the Besakih temple is a special pilgrimage. Each temple has its own ceremony, or birthday celebration, and on the full moon of Bali "Kedasa" the entire Besakih complex celebrates the visit of the gods, with a large crowd of pilgrims visiting.
The name Besakih is derived from the word Basuki, an old language from Sanskrit Wasuki, and later became the Old Javanese Language. In Sanskrit, Basuki means survivor. In the mythology of Samudramanthana it has been mentioned that Basuki is a dragon that wraps around Mandara Mountain. Apparently, the Besakih temple dates from very old times long before the influence of Hinduism.
Next, an ancient Balinese king from Sri Kesari Warmadewa discovered the Merajan Selonding Temple in the area of this temple complex. He also ordered to build the Blanjong Monument located in Sanur Village. Besakih Temple Complex was built based on the balance of the cosmos. This is based on the conception of nature that spreads the basic temple complexes arranged according to the direction of the road. So, this building can represent nature as a symbol of the existence of world balance.
As we know, that the direction of the road points like East, South, West, North, and the middle as the center point and each direction is named by Mandala. In Hindu philosophy, the Five Deities are manifestations of Lord Shiva. Like the Penataran Agung Temple as its center. We find on its pages that conception shows the concept of solidarity between Indonesia's original culture. Namely the megalithic tradition in the form of the Punden Step away with the Hindu concept.
Ancient omissions in the Besakih Temple complex can be classified into 2 types, namely negligence that is classified as megalithic tradition and classical era. Besakih Temple aside from being an altar for Hindus in Bali, it is also a tourist destination visited by many tourists. Check tour package to besakih temple